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West Africa

Central Africa

East Africa

South Africa

Morocco

Algeria

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Libya

Egypt

Mauritania

Mali

Niger

Chad

The Sudan

South Sudan

Senegal

The Gambia

guinea_bissau

Guinea

Sierra Leone

Liberia

Côte d'Ivoire

Burkina Faso

Ghana

Togo

Benin

Nigeria

Cabo Verde

Cameroon

Central African Republic

Equatorial Guinea

Gabon

Congo, Brazzaville

Congo, Kinshasa

Sao Tome & Principe

Uganda

Rwanda

Burundi

Eritrea

Djibouti

Ethiopia

Somalia

Kenya

Tanzania

Malawi

Mozambique

Madagascar

Comoros

Seychelles

Mauritius

Angola
Zambia

Namibia
Botswana
Zimbabwe
South Africa
Swaziland
Lesotho

* Ivory Coast see : Côte d'Ivoire   * Congo, RC see : Congo, Brazzaville   *Congo, DRC see : Congo, Kinshasa

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Senegal ( Republic of Senegal )
@ 1626 First French settlements in Senegal.
1693 English occupation.
1710 Under the Compagnie de Rouen to 1718.
1718 Under the Compagnie des Indes Orientales ( French East India Company ).
1758 British occupation to 1779.
1763 Gorée restored to France.
1765 British colony of Senegambia.
1766 Senegambia a crown colony.
1779 Senegal retaken France.
1783 Formally restored to France by Britain.
1809 British occupation to 1817.
1817 French reoccupy Senegal colony.
1854 Gorée detached from Senegal, becoming part of the Colony of Gorée.
1859 Gorée reincorporated into Senegal.
1895 Part of French West Africa (AOF) ( Dahomey, French Guinea, French Sudan, Ivory Coast, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, and Upper Volta ).
1904 Senegal colony and protectorate.
1940 Administration loyal to Vichy France to 1942.
1946 Senegal overseas territory of France.
1958 Autonomy ( Republic of Senegal ).
1959 Sudanese Republic ( now Mali ) and Senegal form the Mali Federation.
1960 Independence of Mali Federation from France.
1960 Republic of Senegal withdraws from Mali Federation.
1982 Confederation with The Gambia ( Senegambia ) to 1989.
@ 1817 1958 1959 1960 Now

The Gambia ( Republic of the Gambia )
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1659 Dutch occupation ( Dutch Gambia ) by West Indies Company to 1660.
1660 Dutch occupation ( Dutch Gambia ) by West Indies Company.
1664 Formally ceded by Courland to England.
1684 Administration taken over by the Royal African Company.
1695 French rule ( French Gambia ) but island deserted to 1699.
1750 Administration taken over by the Company of Merchants Trading in Africa.
1765 Part of British Senegambia to 1779.
1766 British crown colony of Senegambia.
1779 French occupation, part of French Senegal to 1783.
1783 Gambia formally restored to Britain.
1815 British rule at Fort James.
1816 Bathurst founded ( Bathurst colony ).
1821 British colony ( subordinated to from Sierra Leone until 1843, and 1866-88 ).
1829 Bathurst Settlement and Dependencies in the Gambia.
1843 Gambia Colony.
1857 France cedes its last settlement in the area ( Albreda ) to Britain.
1866 Part of British West African Settlements to 1874.
1874 Part of smaller British West Africa Settlements to 1888.
1888 Gambia a separate colony.
1894 British protectorate proclaimed over the interior.
1901 Gambia Colony and Protecorate.
1963 Self-rule achieved.
1965 Independence from U.K. ( Gambia ).
1970 Republic of The Gambia

@ Unknown 1875 1965 Now

guinea-bissau ( Republic of guinea-bissau )
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1588 Cacheu settled from Cabo Verde.
1614 Captaincy of Cacheu; Portuguese colony subject to Cabo Verde to 1640.
1624 Dutch occupation of Cacheu to 1630.
1687 Bissau settlement founded by the Portuguese; subordinated to Cacheu to 1696.
1696 Portuguese Captaincy of Bissau.
1707 Bissau is abandoned to 1753.
1753 Bissau a separate Portuguese colony subject to Cabo Verde.
1879 Bissau and Cacheu united as Portuguese Guinea and separated from Cabo Verde.
1931 Loyal to the military junta in Madiera, sometimes styled República da Atlântida.
1951 Portuguese Guinea overseas province.
1973 Independence unilaterally declared ( Republic of guinea-bissau ).
1974 Independence recognized by Portugal.

@ Unknown 1967 1973 Now

Guinea ( Republic of Guinea )
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1849 French protectorate over coastal region.
1882 Riviéres du Sud territory.
1889 Riviéres du Sud colony autonomous.
1891 French Riviéres du Sud colony.
1893 French Guinea colony.
1895 Part of French West Africa.
1940 Administration loyal to Vichy France to 1942.
1946 Guinea overseas territory of France.
1958 Independence from France ( Republic of Guinea ).
1979 People's Revolutionary Republic of Guinea
1984 Republic of Guinea

@ 1849 1958 Now

Sierra Leone ( Republic of Sierra Leone )
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1787 Freedom Province ( British settlement established at Freetown for freed slaves ).
1791 Freedom Province restored ( under Sierra Leone Company rule ).
1792 Freetown founded.
1799 Renamed Sierra Leone.
1808 Sierra Leone crown colony.
1821 Sierra Leone territory part of British West African Territories.
1850 Sierra Leone crown colony ( dissolution of BWAT ).
1866 Sierra Leone territory, part of British West African Settlements.
1874 Part of British West Africa Settlements.
1888 Sierra Leone colony ( dissolution of BWAS ).
1895 Hinterland becomes British protectorate ( Sierra Leone Colony and Protectorate ).
1961 Independence from U.K. ( Sierra Leone ).
1971 Republic of Sierra Leone

@ Unknown 1875 1934 1961 Now

Liberia ( Republic of Liberia )
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1821 Cape Mesurado Colony created by the American Colonization Society.
1824 Cape Mesurado expanded into the Colony of Liberia.
1839 Commonwealth of Liberia
1847 Independence, Republic of Liberia.
1862 Independence recognized by U.S.

@ 1827 1847 Now

Côte d'Ivoire ( Republic of Côte d'Ivoire )
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1842 France declares protectorates over the Kingdoms of Nzima and Sanwi.
1860 Ivory Coast territory of the Ivory Coast-Gabon colony.
1871 France surrenders administration to private traders, but maintains the protectorates.
1878 Administration under A. Verdier & Company recognized by France.
1883 Ivory Coast subordinate to French Guinea.
1885 Return to direct French rule.
1889 French protectorate of Ivory Coast.
1893 French colony (Ivory Coast).
1895 Part of French West Africa.
1940 Administration loyal to Free French to 1945.
1946 Ivory Coast overseas territory of France.
1958 Autonomy ( Republic of Ivory Coast ).
1960 Independence
1985 Republic of Côte d'Ivoire .

@ 1842 1959 Now

Burkina Faso ( Burkina Faso )
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1895 French protectorate of Haute-Volta ( Upper Volta ).
1904 Part of Haut-Sénégal-Niger.
1919 French colony of Haute Volta ( part of French West Africa ).
1933 Partitioned between French Sudan, Ivory Coast, and Niger.
1938 Upper Ivory Coast ( part of Ivory Coast ) to 1940.
1940 Administration loyal to Vichy France to 1942.
1947 French territory of Haute-Volta ( Upper Volta ).
1958 Autonomy ( Republic of Upper Volta [République de Haute-Volta]) .
1960 Independence from France ( Republic of Upper Volta ).
1984 Burkina Faso, from Aug 1984, Bourkina-Fasso.

@ 1895 1959 1984 Now

Ghana ( Republic of Ghana )
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1621 English Gold Coast.
1672 English Royal African Company administration begins.
1707 British Gold Coast.
1751 Company of Merchants Trading to Africa takes over administration.
1821 British Gold Coast a crown colony.
1821 Gold Coast Territory, part of West African Territories.
1828 British Gold Coast colony.
1843 British Gold Coast crown colony.
1850 Colony of the Gold Coast.
1850 Incorporation of former Danish Gold Coast settlements.
1866 Gold Cost Territory, part of British West African Settlements.
1871 Incorporation of former Dutch Gold Coast settlements.
1874 Gold Coast colony with Lagos.
1886 Gold Coast colony.
1951 Self-rule achieved.
1957 Gold Coast and British Togoland independent as Ghana.
1960 Republic of Ghana

@ Unknown 1875 1957 1964

1966 Now


Togo ( Togolese Republic )
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1884 Togoland a German protectorate.
1905 German colony of Togoland.
1914 British and French occupation of the German protectorate of Togoland ( Anglo-French condominium ).
1914 German administration surrenders.
1916 Partitioned into French and British zones.
1922 League of Nations mandates, British and French Togolands.
1940 French Togo administration loyal to Vichy France to 1942.
1946 United Nations trust territories, French Togo Associated Territory and British Togoland.
1956 Autonomy, British Togoland part of Ghana.
1960 Independence from France, Togolese Republic.

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1884 1913 1914 and

1922 1957 1958 1960 Now


Benin ( Republic of Benin )
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1863 Porto-Novo a French protectorate to 1865.
1868 Cotonou a French Protectorate.
1882 Porto-Novo French protectorate ( restored ).
1885 Portugal declares a protectorate over Dahomey to 1887.
1893 Porto-Novo a French colony.
1894 Dahomey a French protectorate.
1894 Dahomey colony, including Porto Novo.
1899 Part of French West Africa.
1911 Dahomey colony and Dependencies
1940 Administration loyal to Vichy France to 1942.
1946 Dahomey an overseas territory of France.
1958 Autonomy ( Republic of Dahomey ).
1960 Independence from France ( Republic of Dahomey ).
1975 People's Republic of Benin
1990 Republic of Benin

@ 1894 1958 1975 1991 Now

Nigeria ( Federal Republic of Nigeria )
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1900 British Nigerian colonies.
1900 Protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria.
1906 Lagos incorporated into the Southern Nigeria Protectorate.
1914 Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria.
1954 Federation of Nigeria ( autonomous ).
1960 Independence from Britain ( Federation of Nigeria ).
1963 Federal Republic of Nigeria
1966 Republic of Nigeria
1966 Federal Republic of Nigeria
1967 Secession of Biafra (not internationally recognized).
1970 Reintegration of Biafra.

@ 1900 1914 1960 Now

Cabo Verde ( Republic of Cabo Verde )
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1462 First Portuguese settlement.
1495 Separate crown colonies.
1587 Cabo Verde Islands a united colony.
1879 Portuguese Guinea ( guinea-bissau ) made a separate colony.
1951 Portuguese overseas province.
1974 Autonomous, Republic of Cape Verde .
1975 Independence from Portugal.

2013 Republic of Cabo Verde

@ Unknown 1967 1975 1992 Now


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