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guinea_bissau

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Angola
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Namibia
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Zimbabwe
South Africa
Swaziland
Lesotho

* Ivory Coast see : Côte d'Ivoire   * Congo, RC see : Congo, Brazzaville   *Congo, DRC see : Congo, Kinshasa

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Angola ( Republic of Angola )
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1575 Portuguese colony ( Angola donataría ).
1589 Crown colony ( Portuguese West Africa ).
1641 Dutch occupation to 1648.
1885 Portuguese possession confirmed by the Berlin Conference.
1914 Angola colony
1951 Angola overseas province of Portugal.
1962 Angolan Revolutionary Government in Exile.
1975 Independence from Portugal, People's Republic of Angola.
1992 Republic of Angola

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Unknown 1967 1975 Now

Proposed new flag, 2003


Zambia ( Republic of Zambia )
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1894 North Zambesia ( area north of Zambesi river including the Barotseland protectorate ).
1895 Part of ( with South Zambesia [Zimbabwe] ) Rhodesia Protectorate; administered by the British South Africa Company.
1900 Rhodesia divided administration for Northern and Southern Rhodesia.
1911 North-Eastern and North-Western Rhodesia, administered by the British South Africa Company, united as Northern Rhodesia.
1924 British protectorate of Northern Rhodesia.
1953 Part of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland to 1963.
1964 Self-rule in Northern Rhodesia.
1964 Independence from Britain, Republic of Zambia.

@  1888 1892 1924 1939

1953 1964 Now


Namibia ( Republic of Namibia )
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1883 Agent of Adolf Lüderitz purchases Angra Pequeña.
1884 German South West Africa protectorate.
1885 Under Deutsch Kolonialgesell-schaft für Südwest-Africa ( German South West Africa Colonial Company ) rule to 1889.
1892 German South West Africa crown colony.
1915 Occupation by South Africa, German forces surrender.
1920 South West Africa a League of Nations mandate, administered by South Africa.
1946 South Africa rejects a UN Trusteeship for South West Africa.
1954 South Africa announces mandate has lapsed and that "the territory and South Africa are one political entity."
1966 United Nations General Assembly terminates the mandate and puts South West Africa under direct UN responsibility.
1968 South West Africa renamed Namibia by the UN, not recognized by South Africa.
1968 Homelands similar to those in South Africa established to 1980.
1970 UN declares South Africa in "illegal occupation" of Namibia.
1990 Independence from South Africa, Republic of Namibia.

@ 1884 1913 1915 1919

1928 1990 Now


Botswana ( Republic of Botswana )
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1884 British protectorate ( Bechuanaland ).
1885 Area south of the Molopo River becomes a crown colony.
1891 One of the High Commission Territories.
1964 Bechuanaland colony
1965 Self-rule achieved.
1966 Independence from Britain, Republic of Botswana.

@ 1884 1891 1955 1966 Now

Zimbabwe ( Republic of Zimbabwe )
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1888 British South Africa Company imposes protectorate over Ndebele Kingdom, as Matabeleland Protectorate.
1888 Region named "Zambesia" by the British.
1889 Mashonaland a British South Africa Company protectorate.
1894 South Zambesia created from Mashonaland and Matabeleland protectorates.
1895 South Zambesia and North Zambesia ( Zambia ) united as Rhodesia Protectorate.
1901 Mashonaland and Matabeleland united as Southern Rhodesia.
1923 British colony of Southern Rhodesia.
1953 Part of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland ( Northern Rhodesia, Southern Rhodesia and Nyasaland ) to 1963.
1964 With the independence of Northern Rhodesia ( Zambia ), Southern Rhodesia colony becomes simply colony of Rhodesia.
1965 Unilateral declaration of independence from Britain as Rhodesia ( not recognized ).
1970 Republic of Rhodesia ( not recognized ).
1979 Zimbabwem Rhodesia ( interim state ).
1979 Return to colonial status ( colony of Zimbabwe Rhodesia ).
1980 Independence from Britain ( Zimbabwe ).
1991 Republic of Zimbabwe

@ 1888 1892 1923 1925

1935 1953 1964 1968

1979 1980 Now


South Africa ( Republic of South Africa )
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1652 Dutch Cape Colony, administered by Dutch East India Company.
1795 Cape Colony occupied by Britain.
1797 British colony
1803 Colony of the Batavian Republic ( Netherlands ).
1806 British retake Cape Colony.
1814 Dutch officially cede Cape Colony to Britain.
1910 Cape, Natal, Orange Free State, and Transvaal united as a dominion ( Union of South Africa ).
1915 South West Africa ( Namibia ) ruled by South Africa to 1990.
1931 Statute of Westminster grants sovereignty to the British dominions.
1947 Prince Edward Islands annexed.
1961 Republic of South Africa
1976 Nominal independence of four black homelands (recognized only by South Africa and each other) to 1981.
1994 Walvis Bay ceded to Namibia.
1994 Reintegration of the homelands.

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Unknown 1795 1803 1806

1875 1910 1912 1928

1994 Now


Swaziland ( Kingdom of Swaziland )
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1893 British Swaziland protectorate ( administered through Tranvaal ).
1902 British protectorate, one of the the High Commission Territories.
1967 Autonomy granted.
1968 Independence, Kingdom of Swaziland.

@ 1893 1955 1967 Now

Lesotho ( Kingdom of Lesotho )
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1822 Lesotho emerges as a polity.
1843 Recognized by Britain.
1868 British Protectorate ( Basutoland ).
1871 Annexed to Cape Colony ( Basutoland territory ) to 1884.
1884 Basutoland a separate colony, as one of the High Commission Territories.
1965 Autonomy
1966 Independence from Britain ( Kingdom of Lesotho ).

@ 1868 1884 1966 1987

2006 Now



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