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Cuba

Jamaica

The Bahamas

Haiti

Dominican Republic

Antigua & Barbuda

Saint Kitts & Nevis

Dominica

Saint Lucia

Barbados

Saint Vincent & the Grenadines

Grenada

Trinidad & Tobago

Colombia

Venezuela

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Suriname

Ecuador

Peru

Brazil
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Cuba ( Republic of Cuba )
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1492 Claimed for Spain.
1511 Spanish colony, subject to Santo Domingo.
1762 Occupied by Britain to 1763.
1764 Audiencia of Cuba ( from 1797, receives control over former Santo Domingo jurisdictions ).
1868 Independence declared as Republic of Cuba, in insurrection against colonial power Spain.
1899 Spain cedes colonial authority to U.S.
1902 Independence from U.S. , Republic of Cuba; status of the Isle of Pines to be determined.
1902 U.S. protectorate to 1934.
1906 U.S. occupation to 1909.
1912 U.S. intervention.
1917 U.S. intervention to 1922.
1925 Cuban sovereignty over the Isle of Pines confirmed by U.S.

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1492 1496 1516 1580 1700 1761

1762 1763 1785 1868 1868

1899 1902 Now


Jamaica ( Jamaica )
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1494 Claimed for Spain.
1510 Spanish colony, Santiago.
1655 English colony, Jamaica.
1670 Jamaica formally ceded to England by Spain.
1953 Self rule.
1958 Part of the Federation of the West Indies to 1962.
1962 Independence from Britain, Jamaica.

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1494 1516 1655 1801

1875 1906 1961 1962 Now


The Bahamas ( Commonwealth of the Bahamas )
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1492 Claimed for Spain, but not settled.
1648 First English settlement on Eleuthra by the Puritans to 1657.
1670 British proprietary colony, Bahama Islands.
1684 Spanish occupation.
1684 Abandoned to 1686.
1706 Pirate rule to 1718.
1717 British crown colony, effective 1718.
1776 American occupation.
1782 Spanish occupation to 1783.
1783 British possession confirmed.
1804 Turks and Caicos Islands part of the Bahamas to 1848.
1964 Self-government
1969 Commonwealth of the Bahama Islands
1973 Independence, Commonwealth of The Bahamas.

@ Unknown 1706 1718 1801 

1869 1904 1923

1953 1964 1973 Now


Haiti ( Republic of Haiti )
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1492 Part of Spanish colony, Hispaniola.
1664 French colony of Saint-Domingue on eastern part of island the of Hispañiola.
1697 Spain recognizes French possession of Saint-Domingue.
1793 British occupation to 1798.
1795 Santo Domingo ( Dominican Republic ) annexed to Saint-Domingue to 1808.
1804 Independence from France, Haiti.
1806 Split between competing "North" and "South" regimes to 1820.
1822 Santo Domingo re-incorporated into Haiti to 1844.
1849 Empire of Haiti
1858 Republic of Haiti
1914 U.S. occupation.
1915 U.S. occupation to 1934.
1915 U.S. protectorate to 1936.
1994 U.S. occupation to 1995.
1995 UN force deployed to 1997.

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1492 1496 1516 1580 1600 1643

1765 1790 1791 1795 1803

1804 1805 1806 1807

1811 and 1821 1822 1843

1844 1849 1859 1864 1986 Now


Dominican Republic ( Dominican Republic )
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1492 Spanish colony, Hispaniola.
1500 Crown colony
1511 Audiencia of Santo Domingo to 1517.
1520 Audiencia of Santo Domingo, restored.
1697 Spain recognizes French claim to western Hispaniola; eastern part- as French Saint-Domingue; western part- Spanish Santo Domingo.
1795 Spain cedes Santo Domingo to France, Spanish administration continues to 1801.
1808 Santo Domingo reverts to Spain, French administration ends 1809.
1809 British occupy Samaná and blockade the port of Santo Domingo.
1821 Independence, Independent State of the Spanish Part of Haiti in Colombia.
1821 Nominally part of Gran Colombia to 1822.
1822 Incorporated into Haiti.
1844 Independence, Dominican Republic.
1861 Spanish colony, Santo Domingo.
1863 Independence, Dominican Republic, recognized by Spain 1865.
1869 Failed government bid for annexation to the U.S. to 1870.
1903 U.S. occupation to 1905.
1905 U.S. protectorate to 1941.
1916 U.S. occupation to 1924.
1965 U.S. and OAS occupation to 1966.

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Unknown 1795 1809 1821 1822

1843 1844 1844 1861 1863 Now


Antigua & Barbuda ( Antigua and Barbuda )
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1493 Claimed by Spain.
1632 English colony, Antigua.
1663 English crown colony.
1666 French occupation to 1667.
1678 Barbuda an English colony.
1671 Part of Leeward Islands colony (Antigua, Barbuda, Montserrat, Saint Christopher, Nevis, Anguilla, and Dominica) to 1816.
1816 Part of Antigua-Barbuda-Montserrat colony to 1832.
1833 Part of Leeward Islands (Antigua, British Virgin Islands, Dominica, Montserrat, Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla) to 1960.
1870 Barbuda united with Antigua.
1871 Antigua part of the Federal Colony of the Leeward Islands (Antigua, British Virgin Islands, Montserrat, Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla,
         Dominica) to 1960.
1956 Separate colony.
1958 Antigua part of the Federation of the West Indies to 1962.
1967 Associated state
1980 Barbuda attempts secession.
1981 Independence as Antiuga and Barbuda.

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1650 1658 1660 1801

1871 1956 1962 1967 Now


Saint Kitts & Nevis ( Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis )
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1623 Saint Christopher ( St. Kitts ) an English colony.
1628 Nevis an English colony.
1671 Part of Leeward Islands colony to 1816.
1701 Under direct rule from Antigua to 1704.
1706 French occupation.
1782 St. Christopher occupied by France to 1783.
1816 Part of Colony of St. Christopher, Nevis, Anguilla, and the British Virgin Islands to 1871.
1833 Part of Leeward Islands colony to 1960.
1882 Islands united as Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla.
1958 Part of the Federation of the West Indies to 1962.
1967 Associated state.
1980 Renamed Saint Christopher and Nevis.
1980 Final separation of Anguilla.
1983 Independence, Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis; Nevis granted limited self-government.
1998 Nevis independence referendum fails.

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Unknown 1890 1956 1967

1983 Now


Dominica ( Commonwealth of Dominica )
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1493 Discovered by Christopher Cloumbus and named Dies Dominica.
1627 Claimed by France.
1748 Neutral territory as agreed by France and Britain to 1761.
1761 Occupied by Britain.
1763 British colony.
1778 French occupation.
1784 British colony.
1833 Part of the Leeward Islands colony to 1940.
1940 Part of the Windward Islands colony to 1960.
1958 Part of the Federation of the West Indies to 1962.
1967 Associated state.
1978 Independence, Commonwealth of Dominica.

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1625 1643 1763 1778

1784 1801 1875 1890

1940 1955 1965 1965

1978 1981 1988 Now


Saint Lucia ( Saint Lucia )
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1502 Discovered by Christopher Columbus and named Sancta Lucia.
1605 Attempted English settlement to 1638.
1650 French colony, Sainte Lucie.
1664 English occupation to 1667.
1723 Neutral territory agreed by Britain and France to 1743.
1743 French colony, Sainte Lucie.
1748 Neutral territory, de jure agreed by Britain and France to 1756; not evacuated and remains de facto French.
1756 French colony, Sainte Lucie.
1762 British occupation to 1763.
1781 British occupation to 1783.
1794 British occupation to 1795.
1796 British occupation to 1802.
1802 Restored to France.
1803 British colony, Saint Lucia.
1814 British possession confirmed.
1838 British crown colony.
1838 Part of the Windward Islands colony to 1960.
1958 Part of the Federation of the West Indies to 1962.
1967 Associated state.
1979 Independence from Britain, St. Lucia.

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Unknown 1875 1939 1967

1979 2002 Now


Barbados ( Barbados )
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1518 Claimed by Spain.
1627 English colony.
1663 Crown colony.
1833 Part of the Windward Islands with the governors of Barbados also governors of the Windward Islands to 1885.
1958 Part of the Federation of the West Indies to 1962.
1966 Independence from Britain, Barbados.

@ Unknown 1885 1958 1966 Now

Saint Vincent & the Grenadines ( Saint Vincent and the Grenadines )
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1498 Claimed for Spain.
1627 Claimed by England to 1636, unsettled.
1672 Claimed by England, unsettled.
1673 Neutral territory as agreed by England and France to 1762.
1762 British occupation.
1763 British colony.
1776 British crown colony.
1779 French occupation to 1783.
1833 Part of the Windward Islands colony to 1960.
1958 Part of the Federation of the West Indies to 1962.
1969 Associated state.
1979 Independence, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.

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1762 1884 1907 1912

1940 1958 1975 1979

1985 1985 Now


Grenada ( Grenada )
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1498 Discovered by Chrisopher Columbus and named Concepción.
1649 French colony, under the Compagnie des Indies Occidentales.
1674 French crown colony.
1674 Part of the French Antilles colony subordinated to Martinique to 1762.
1762 British occupation.
1763 British colony.
1763 Part of ( British ) South Caribbean Islands colony ( Dominica, St. Vincent, the Grenadines, Grenada, and Tobago ) to 1802.
1779 French occupation to 1783.
1833 Part of the Windward Islands ( Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Tobago ) to 1960.
1958 Part of the Federation of the West Indies to 1962.
1967 Associated state.
1974 Independence from U.K. , Grenada.
1979 People's Revolutionary Government to 1983.
1983 Occupied by U.S. and East Caribbean forces.

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Unknown 1889 1903 1967

1974 Now


Trinidad & Tobago ( Republic of Trinidad and Tobago )
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1498 Trinidad claimed for Spain.
1521 Trinidad a Spanish colony; subordinated to Santo Domingo.
1735 Trinidad made a separate province of Venezuela.
1762 Comandancia general of Trinidad, still part of Venezuela.
1762 Tobago a British colony ( French rule 1781-1793 and 1802-1803 ).
1797 Trinidad occupied by Britain.
1802 Spain formally cedes Trinidad to Britain; Trinidad a British colony.
1899 Trinidad and Tobago united.
1958 Part of the Federation of the West Indies (with Antigua, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Montserrat,

         St. Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, and Turks and Caicos Islands) to 1962.
1962 Independence from Britain, Trinidad and Tobago.
1976 Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

@ 1767 1889 1958 1962 Now


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