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* Republic of China : see Taiwan    * East Timor : see Timor-Leste   * Burma: see Myanmar

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Mongolia ( Mongolia )
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1204 Mongol Khanate.
1204 Genghis Khan rules to 1227.
1411 Inter-tribal strife pitting various clans against one another to 1750.
1650 The son of the Mongol Khan of Urga named a Living Buddha; an alliance of Buddhist theocracy and secular aristocracy rule begins.
1688/1750 Khalkha (Mongolia) subjected¹to Chinese Empire.
1911 Mongolia (Bogd Haan State) declares independence from China under Russian protectorate.
1912 Russian protectorate to 1917.
1913 China recognizes autonomy.
1919 Chinese reoccupy Urga.
1920 Annexation to China.
1921 Partly occupied by "White" Russian forces as "Independent Government of Outer Mongolia."
1921 Mongolia (Bogd Haan State) restored.
1921 Revolutionary Provisional Government formed at Kykhta in Soviet Russia.
1921 Independence declared by Tannu Tuva.
1924 Mongolian People's Republic
1945 Independence formally recognized by China.
1992 Mongolia

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1310 Unknown ... 1911 1919 ... 1921 1921

1921 1924 1940 1992 Now


China ( People's Republic of China )
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2000 BC Partly legendary Shia dynasty to 1500 BC.
1700 BC Shang dynasty to 1027 BC.
1027 BC Chou dynasty to 221 BC.
  475 BC Period of the Warring States, fragmentation of Zhou kingdom to 221 BC.
  221 BC Ch'in dynasty, from which modern China derives its name, founded.
  221 BC First Emperor Shih Huang-ti reigns to 210 BC.
  206 BC Han dynasty to 220.
  220 Era of disunity under Warlords to 589.
  420 Divided under Northern and Southern dynasties to 589.
  589 Reunification under the Sui dynasty.
  907 Era of the "Five dynasties and Ten Kingdoms" to 979.
1276 Yuan dynasty to 1368.
1368 Great Ming Realm inaugurated.
1636 Great Qing ( Ch'ing dynasty ) Empire inaugurated.
1895 Taiwan annexed by Japan to 1945.
1912 Republic of China
1913 Tibet ( de facto ) independent to 1951.
1911 ( Outer ) Mongolia declares independence.
1917 Restoration of Great Qing Empire.
1920 Mongolia briefly reincorporated to 1921.
1931 Japanese occupy Manchuria ( Manchukuo ) to 1945.
1949 People's Republic of China

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Unknown Unknown 1861 1873

1890 1911 1912 1915 1916

1917 1917 1928 1949 Now


Korea, North ( Democratic People's Republic of Korea )
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1393 Part of Great Choson Realm ( or Kingdom ).
1910 Annexed by Japan to 1945.
1945 Occupied by Soviet Union to 1948.
1948 Democratic People's Republic of Korea ( North Korea ).
1950 UN-U.S. occupation of most of North Korea to 1951.

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1893 Unknown 1897 1905 1910

1945 1948 Now


Korea, South ( Republic of Korea )
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    57 BC Silla Kingdom ( in the southeast ) to 935 AD.
    37 BC Koguryo Kingdom ( in the north; then to Silla ) to 624 AD.
    18 BC Paekche Kingdom ( in the southwest; then to Silla )  to 668 AD.
  918 Koyro Kingdom ( in the soputh onlt to 935 ).
1231 Mongol occupation to 1392.
1393 Great Choson Realm ( or Kingdom ).
1592 Japaese invasion to 1598.
1637 Korea a tributary of ( Qing [Manchu] ) China to 1895.
1897 Great Han Empire
1905 Japanese protectorate.
1910 Annexed by Japan to 1945.
1945 Korean People's Republic ( declared but not recognized ).
1945 Occupied by U.S. south of the 38th parallel to 1948, and by U.S.S.R north of the parallel.
1948 Republic of Korea ( South Korea ).
1948 Democratic People's Republic of Korea formed ( North Korea ).

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1893 Unknown 1897 1905 1910

1945 1948 1950 Now


Japan ( Japan )
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  660 BC Legendary foundation of Japan ( modern state dates from 646 AD ).
  646 Taika Reforms: state named Nippon [Koku] ( [land of the] rising sun ).
1192 Shogunate ( Bakufu government ) established.
1337 Two rival imperial courts, one in Kyoto in the north and the other at Yoshino in the south to 1392.
1603 Tokugawa clan assumes the shogunate.
1868 Shogunate abolished.
1875 Southern Kurile Islands annexed to 1945.
1876 Ogasawara ( Bonin ) Islands annexed.
1879 Ryukyu Islands annexed.
1895 Formosa ( Taiwan ) annexed to 1945.
1905 Karafuto ( Southern Sakhalin I.  ) and northern Kurile Islands annexed to 1945.
1910 Korea annexed to 1945.
1945 Okinawa occupied by U.S. to 1972.
1945 Allied occupation of Japan to 1952.

@ 1870 1945 1952 1999 Now

Taiwan ( Republic of China )
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1544 The island is sighted and named Ilha Formosa by the Portuguese.
1624 Tainan ( Southern Formosa ) a Dutch colony ( Tayowan ).
1626 Chlung, Tanshui ( San Salvador ), and Ilan ( northwestern coast of Taiwan ) a Spanish colony to 1642.
1642 Taiwan a Dutch colony ( Spanish driven out ).
1662 Independent kingdom loyal to deposed Ming Dynasty, island is named Tongdu ( Eastern Capital ).
1664 Renamed Tong-ning.
1683 Annexed by Chinese Empire as part of Fujian province ( named Taiwan ).
1884 French occupation of Keelung to 1885, from 1885 the Pescadores too.
1885 Taiwan a separate province.
1895 Treaty of Shimonoseki, handing Taiwan over to Japan, in force.
1895 Republic of Taiwan inaugurated, nien-hao ( era name ): Yung-ch'ing, in resistance to the hand-over.
1895 Hand over of Taiwan to Japan formally executed, while resistance continues, especially in Tainan city.
1895 Republic of Taiwan extinguished by Japan.
1945 Taiwan is occupied by the Republic of China.

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1624 1626 and 1642 1662  ... Unknown

1873 1890 1895 1895 1945 Now



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