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* Republic of China : see Taiwan    * East Timor : see Timor-Leste   * Burma: see Myanmar

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Myanmar ( Union of Myanmar )
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1364 Kingdom of Awa founded.
1559 Owing to internal dissension, Awa shatters and the establishment of numerous petty states occurs.
1752 Independence of Kingdom of Awa recovered.
1769 Awa nominally a tributary of the Chinese Empire to 1886.
1784 Arakan annexed by Burma.
1824 British occupy Rangoon.
1826 Arakan, Tenasserim, Manipur, Assam, and the coastline annexed to British India.
1862 Arakan, Tenasserim, and Pegu are united as British ( "Lower" ) Burma, within British India.
1886 Remnant of Kingdom of Awa ( "Upper Burma" ) annexed to British India.
1886 Upper and Lower Burma united as Burma, within British India.
1937 Burma a separate British colony.
1942 Japanese occupation to 1945.
1942 Thailand occupies part of Shan States to 1945.
1943 Republic of Burma to 1945.
1948 Independence (Union of Burma).
1974 Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma.
1988 Union of Burma
1989 Union of Myanmar

2010 Republic of the Union of Myanmar

@ 1752 1886 1939 1941

1942 1943 1945 1948 1974

2010 Now


Thailand ( Kingdom of Thailand )
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  650 Kingdom of Nanchao ( in modern day Yunnan, China ).
1238 Traditional date for founding of the Kingdom of Sukhothai ( present day Thailand ).
1350 Kingdom of Ayutthaya
1767 Tributary of China to 1800.
1767 Burmese occupation.
1767 Kingdom of Thonburi
1782 Kingdom of Krung Thep ( Bangkok )
1856 Kingdom of Siam
1939 Kingdom of Thailand
1941 Western provinces of Cambodia and Laos annexed by Thailand to 1946.
1941 Japanese troops based in Thailand to 1945.
1943 Annexes part of Shan States from Burma to 1945 and 1943 - 1945 Perlis, Terengganu, Kedah and Kelantan from Malaya.

@ 1700 Unknown 1817 1855 1916

1917 Now


Laos ( Lao People's Democratic Republic )
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161? Kingdom of Nakhon Kala Champaknaburisi.
1636 Kingdom of Lan Chang.
1707 Kingdom of Wiang Chhan to 1828.
1893 French protectorate of Laos; part of French Indochina.
1901 "Phoum Boun" rebellion to 1907.
1940 Administration loyal to Vichy France to 1945.
1941 West-bank Champasak and Xainyaburi provinces annexed by Thailand to 1946.
1945 Royal proclamation by Luang Phra Bang declares end to French protectorate.
1945 Occupied by Japan.
1945 Luang Phra Bang Royal proclamation declares an end to French protectorate.
1945 Unification of Kingdom of Laos proclaimed and Allied occupation under China to 1946.
1946 France protectorate reestablished and recognizes unification of Laos.
1949 French associated state.
1953 Independence proclaimed (Kingdom of Laos).
1954 Independence recognized by France.
1975 Lao People's Democratic Republic

@ 1893 1952 1975 Now

Vietnam ( Socialist Republic of Vietnam )
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  3rd cent. BC Foundation of Âu Lac kingdom.
  207 BC Triêu Ðà founded Nam Viet and established its capital at Phiên Ngung.
  196 BC Vassal of China to 111 BC.
  111 BC Annexed to China to 39 AD.
  679 Creation by China of the protectorate general of An Nam to 863.
  939 Ngô Quyên defeated the kingdom of Nam Han. Traditional date of the Viet independence.
  968 Dai Viêt Quôc is a geographic concept of a variable China/Vietnam location.
1558 Division into north and south by ruling dynasties to 1777.
1666 Annam a tributary of Chinese Empire to 1884.
1802 Dai Viêt Quôc ( Great Viet Realm ) restored after defeat of the Tay Son rulers.
1804 Viêt Nam Quôc ( Viet Nam Realm ).
1839 Dai Nam Quôc ( literally, "Great South Realm" ).
1859 French occupy Saigon. 
1883 Annam and Tonkin become French protectorates.
1887 Union of Indochina formed (Cambodia, Annam, Tonkin, and Cochinchina, and from 1893, Laos).
1900 Koung-Tchéou-Wan China leased territory administratively joined to French Indo-China.
1940 Administration loyal to Vichy France to 1945.
1945 Japanese occupation.
1945 Viet Nam Empire
1945 End of the empire; subsequently de facto division between North and South Vietnam.
1945 Independence proclaimed ( Democratic Republic of Vietnam ); controlling North Vietnam only.
1945 Allied occupation of French Indo-China by China above 16th parallel, and Britain below to 1946.
1946 Autonomous Republic of Cochinchina ( in the South ) to 1949.
1954 Division formalized by Geneva Accords.
1955 Republic of Vietnam ( South Vietnam ).
1975 Republic of South Vietnam
1976 Unification as Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

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Unknown 1885 1890 1920

1923 and 1923 1945 and

1948 and 1955 and 1975 Now


Cambodia ( Kingdom of Cambodia )
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  802 Khmer ( Angkor ) Empire.
1340 Kingdom of Cambodia
1431 Vassal of Siam to 1813.
1813 Vassal of Vietnam to 1841.
1841 Under joint suzerainty of Siam and Vietnam to 1863.
1863 French protectorate.
1887 Part of the French Indochina.
1940 French administration loyal to Vichy France to 1945.
1941 Battambang and Siem Reap provinces annexed by Thailand to 1947.
1945 Occupied by Japan (de facto since 28 Jul 1941).
1945 Independence proclaimed ( Kingdom of Cambodia ).
1949 French associated state
1953 Independence ( Kingdom of Cambodia ).
1954 Independence recognized by France.
1970 Khmer Republic
1976 Democratic Kampuchea.
1979 Occupied by Vietnam to 1989.
1979 People's Republic of Kampuchea ( not recognized by the UN ).
1989 State of Cambodia
1992 Under United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia ( UNTAC ) administration to 1993.
1993 Kingdom of Cambodia ( restored ).

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Unknown 1863 1887 1942 1945

1948 1970 1975 1976 1979

1989 1992 1993 Now


Malaysia ( Malaysia )
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1826 Straits Settlements ( Malacca, Penang, Singapore; see under Singapore ) to 1946.
1896 Federated Malay States ( Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, and Selangor ).
1942 Japanese occupation to 1945.
1943 Perlis, Terengganu, Kedah, and Kelantan annexed by Thailand to 1945.
1945 British military rule to 1946.
1946 Malay Union ( federated and unfederated Malay states plus Malacca and Penang ).
1948 Federation of Malaya
1957 Independence from Britain.
1963 Malaysia ( accession of Sabah [formerly North Borneo], Sarawak, and Singapore ).
1965 Withdrawal of Singapore.

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1874 1896 1942 1945

1946 1950 1963 Now


Singapore ( Republic of Singapore )
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1819 British ( East India Company ) protectorate.
1824 Ceded to Britain by Sultan of Johore; under British East India Company rule.
1826 Part of the Straits Settlements ( Malacca, Penang, Singapore; under British East India Company 1826-1858 rule) .
1858 Subordinated to British India.
1867 Straits Settlements a separate crown colony.
1942 Japanese occupation of Singapore to 1945 ( 1942 renamed Syonan [Light of the South] ).
1945 British military rule to 1946.
1946 Singapore a separate crown colony.
1959 Self-rule ( State of Singapore ).
1963 Independence.
1963 Part of Malaysia to 1965.
1965 Republic of Singapore

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1819 1867 1942 1945

1946 1959 Now


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Indonesia ( Republic of Indonesia )
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1596 First Dutch arrival in the East Indies.
1602 Dutch East India Company begins settlements.
1602 English settlement at Bantam Bay to 1682.
1610 Netherlands East Indies ( Dutch East India Company rule ).
1619 Jakarta mostly burned and remnants renamed Batavia.
1801 Dutch colony, VOC is dissolved.
1811 British occupy Java and dependencies to 1816 ( British East India Company rule ).
1816 Netherlands East Indies (restored to the Netherlands).
1942 Japanese occupation to 1945.
1945 Independence proclaimed ( Republic of Indonesia ).
1945 Allied occupation to 1946.
1946 Allies turn over all of Indonesia to the Dutch, except Java and Sumatra.
1948 Netherlands East Indies renamed Indonesia.
1949 Independence of Republic of the United States of Indonesia.
1950 Dissolution of Republic of the United States of Indonesia together with its remaining components other than the Republic of Indonesia

         which then becomes the successor to the entire state.
1976 Annexation of East Timor to 1999.

@ 1602 1942 1945 1949 Now

Brunei ( Negara Brunei Darussalam )
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1363 Brunei founded ( traditional date ).
1425 Name Negeri Brunei Darussalam ( State of Brunei, Abode of Peace ) adopted.
1841 Sarawak granted to James Brooke by the Sultan.
1906 British protectorated state to 1984.
1942 Occupied by Japan to 1945 ( subordinated to Japanese occupied North Borneo ).
1959 Autonomy
1971 Self-government achieved.
1984 Independence, Negara Brunei Darussalam.

@ Unknown 1906 1959 Now

Timor-Leste ( Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste )
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1533 First Portuguese settlements.
1642 Portuguese colony ( Portuguese Timor ), subordinated to Portuguese India ( Goa ).
1844 Subordinated to Macau to 1896.
1895 Revolt led by Dom Boaventura, king of Manufai to 1912.
1896 Separate colony.
1941 Occupied by Australian and Dutch forces to 1942.
1942 Occupied by Japan to 1945.
1951 Portuguese overseas territory.
1961 Republic proclaimed in Batugad, sponsored by Indonesia.
1975 Unilateral declaration of independence ( Democratic Republic of East Timor ).
1975 Occupied by Indonesia.
1976 Annexed by Indonesia ( Timur Timor province ).
1999 Referendum votes for independence.
1999 Annexation rescinded by Indonesia.
1999 United Nations administration ( UN Transitional Administration in East Timor ([UNTAET] ) to 2002.
2002 Independence,  Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste.

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Unknown 1961 1967 1975

1975 1999 and 2002 Now


Philippines ( Republic of the Philippines )
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1521 Claimed for Spain by Ferdinand Magellan.
1542 Reclaimed for Spain, named Islas Filipinas.
1564 Spanish colony ( Islas Filipinas ); subordinated to New Spain to 1821.
1762 Occupied by Britain to 1763.
1897 Philippine Republic ( insurrection against Spain ).
1898 Philippine Republic ( insurrection against Spain and then U.S. ) to 1901.
1898 U.S territory.
1935 Commonwealth of the Philippines
1942 Japanese military occupation to 1943.
1943 Nominal independence ( Republic of the Philippines ) to 1945.
1946 Independence, Republic of the Philippines.

@ Unknown 1845 1886 and

1897 1898 and 1898

1901 1908 1912 1919

1942 1943 1945 1946 Now


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